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The Theory of Moral Sentiments
Adam Smith

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The Theory of Moral Sentiments Теория нравственных чувств
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Since the first publication of THE THEORY OF MORAL SENTIMENTS, which was so long ago as the beginning of the year 1759, several corrections, and a good many illustrations of the doctrines contained in it, have occurred to me. But the various occupations in which the different accidents of my life necessarily involved me, have till now prevented me from revising this work with the care and attention which I always intended. The reader will find the principal alterations which I have made in this New Edition, in the last Chapter of the third Section of Part First; and in the four first Chapters of Part Third. Part Sixth, as it stands in this New Edition, is altogether new. In Part Seventh, I have brought together the greater part of the different passages concerning the Stoical Philosophy, which, in the former Editions, had been scattered about in different parts of the work. I have likewise endeavoured to explain more fully, and examine more distinctly, some of the doctrines of that famous sect. In the fourth and last Section of the same Part, I have thrown together a few additional observations concerning the duty and principle of veracity. There are, besides, in other parts of the work, a few other alterations and corrections of no great moment.

In the last paragraph of the first Edition of the present work, I said, that I should in another discourse endeavour to give an account of the general principles of law and government, and of the different revolutions which they had undergone in the different ages and periods of society; not only in what concerns justice, but in what concerns police, revenue, and arms, and whatever else is the object of law. In the Enquiry concerning the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, I have partly executed this promise; at least so far as concerns police, revenue, and arms. What remains, the theory of jurisprudence, which I have long projected, I have hitherto been hindered from executing, by the same occupations which had till now prevented me from revising the present work. Though my very advanced age leaves me, I acknowledge, very little expectation of ever being able to execute this great work to my own satisfaction; yet, as I have not altogether abandoned the design, and as I wish still to continue under the obligation of doing what I can, I have allowed the paragraph to remain as it was published more than thirty years ago, when I entertained no doubt of being able to execute every thing which it announced.

Со времени первого издания «Теории нравственных чувств» в начале 1759 года, я увидел необходимость множества исправлений и более подробного развития положений, высказанных в этом сочинении. Но до настоящей минуты я не мог пересмотреть его с той внимательностью и заботливостью, с какой я хотел сделать это, вследствие различных обстоятельств моей жизни. Главные изменения в этом новом издании сделаны мною в последней главе третьего отдела первой части и в четырех первых главах третьей части. Шестая часть, в том виде, в каком она представлена в этом издании, написана мною заново. В седьмой части я соединил почти все о стоической философии, что было разбросано в различных местах первого издания. Я старался также изложить с большей подробностью и подвергнуть более глубокому исследованию некоторые части учения этой знаменитой школы. В последнем отделе седьмой части я собрал многие замечания, относящиеся к обязанности быть правдивым. В остальных частях сочинения читатель найдет немного изменений.

В последнем параграфе первого издания я обещал публике изложение общих оснований законодательства, правительственного управления и исторический взгляд на изменения, сделанные в различные периоды общественного состояния в основаниях, как относительно финансов и военных сил, так и относительно управления вообще, и всего, что составляет предмет собственно законодательства. Обещание мое я стараюсь исполнить в «Исследовании о природе и причинах богатства народов», по крайней мере что касается управления, финансов и военного устройства. Что же касается теории юриспруденции, то до настоящей минуты я не мог исполнить моего обещания по тем же причинам, которые не дозволяли мне пересмотреть и «Теорию нравственных чувств». Хотя в силу моего преклонного возраста я имею только слабую надежду на исполнение такой важной работы в том виде, как я задумал ее, тем не менее, так как я не отказался от этого намерения и так как я желаю посвятить все свои силы его исполнению, то я оставил параграф в том виде, в котором я заявил об этом тридцать лет тому назад, когда я нисколько не сомневался, что исполню все обещания, сделанные мною публике [1].

[1] Авторское «Предуведомление» (Advertisement) было добавлено в шестом издании, появившемся за несколько недель до смерти Смита.

  • moment: A moment is a second or a very short time.
  • moment: A moment is a second or a very short time.
  • promise: To promise is to say you will do something for sure.
  • project: A project is a type of work that you do for school ora job.
  • ever: Ever means at any time.
  • several: Several is more than two but not many.
  • concern: Concern is a feeling of worry.
  • expect: If you expect something to happen, you believe it will happen.
  • continue: To continue something is to keep doing it.
  • wise: To be wise is to use experience and intelligence to make good choices.
  • allow: To allow something to happen means to let it happen.
  • announce: To announce something is to make it known.
  • beside: When someone or something is beside you, they are next to you.
  • famous: If someone or something is famous, they are known to many people.
  • theory: A theory is an idea about how something works.
  • prevent: To prevent something is to stop it from happening.
  • still: Still is used when you say that a situation keeps going on.
  • throw: To throw something is to use your hand to make it go through the air.
  • far: If something is far, it is not close.
  • remain: To remain somewhere is to stay there.
  • thin: If someone or something is thin, they are not fat.
  • contain: To contain something is to have it inside.
  • correct: To be correct is to be right.
  • owe: To owe is to have to pay or give back something received from another.
  • exam: An exam is a test.
  • yet: Yet is used to say something has not happened up to now.
  • publish: To publish a book is to get it printed and ready to sell.
  • else: If you talk about something else, you talk about something different.
  • doubt: Doubt is a feeling of not being sure.
  • entertain: To entertain someone is to do something that they enjoy.
  • enter: To enter a place is to go into it.
  • leave: To leave means to go away from someone or something.
  • various: If something is various, there are many types of it.
  • occur: To occur means to happen.
  • advance: To advance is to go forward.
  • course: A course is a class in school.
  • event: An event is something that happens, especially something important.
  • passage: A passage is a long area with walls that goes from one place to another.
  • public: If something is public, it is meant for everyone to use.
  • involve: To involve means to be actively taking part in something.
  • period: A period is an amount of time when something happens.
  • sign: A sign is a notice giving information, directions, a warning, etc.
  • attention: Attention is the notice, thought, or consideration of someone.
  • society: Society is people and the way that they live.
  • examine: To examine something is to look at it carefully.
  • band: A band is a group of people who play music.
  • own: To own something means to have it. That thing belongs to you.
  • knowledge: Knowledge is information that you have about something.
  • different: Different describes someone or something that is not the same as others.

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